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CCTV Camera – Closed Circuit Television Cameras Explained

There are few places in the world you can go without encountering CCTV cameras. For good or bad, they are here to stay. There is no doubt that covert and overt CCTV cameras play an important part in reducing crime and enhancing safety but do we need so many?

The short answer is ‘NO’ especially when CCTV cameras are used for crime prevention and detection. In terms of crime prevention or deterrent value, we might use more CCTV cameras in a highly visible way. High presence CCTV is a valuable security tool. The very presence of CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) cameras deters criminal activity, but there is a certain science in getting the placement right. Because CCTV cameras are becoming an important part of any company’s business management and loss prevention programs it is essential to have a reasonable understanding of your requirements.

The benefits of implementing a quality CCTV system include:

Minimizing the risk of theft and other illegal activities. Protecting your premises from threats such as arson, terrorism, and vandalism. They are not just there for crime prevention and detection!

Monitoring individual employee’s work performance helps improve business, Improving customer service by observing peak periods, and planning the staff rotas. By observing staff activity CCTV can assist in staff training too by pinpointing areas that need addressing.

Hikvision ColorVu Camera

CCTV can help by enhancing health and safety standards and ensuring employees comply with legal obligations. In so many cases a well-designed CCTV system can help by doing the work of a much larger guarding team, thus leaving people free to deal with situations that arise in a more efficient and cost-effective manner.

Also Read: Types Of CCTV Cameras

Reducing the quantity of CCTV cameras and therefore the cost can be achieved by creating a job description for each camera. There’s more to a CCTV camera than meets the eye, much is in the lens itself, the zoom facility, and vulnerability. The most expensive isn’t necessarily the best, as any honest CCTV expert will tell you.

CCTV Cameras and there Features

Your CCTV camera must be fit for purpose and you need to be very precise when instructing your CCTV consultant. Let’s look at Car Parks, for example, there may be various elements that need to be observed; the entrance/exit and entire area, any individual car, and a close-up on the drivers’ face and/or the registration number.

Advantages Of CCTV Camera

Example – In a retail counter we need to monitor the point of sale for both security and health & safety. Estimating an individual’s height is important so whilst distance is essential we need to get a very close view of money being exchanged and without compromising reproduction quality for evidence.

Some of these cameras will clearly need to be visible and act as a deterrent. We also might want high visibility CCTV in domes and bullet so that nobody can see which way they are pointing and of course we might want to catch someone in the act so we choose covert CCTV.

What Is CCTV And How Does It Work?

We are not always able to observe an event in real-time and need to make recordings for later viewing and of course for evidence when required.

CCTV Camera and System Installation

Locating CCTV cameras isn’t the only aspect, the monitors are equally important. We’ll look at the different types further down because focusing on the ergonomics of a security control room or guards station is important right now.

How many monitors can one individual view effectively at any given time for say, one hour?. Is it better to have all four events working from one monitor? Is there an optimum distance from the location of monitors to the CCTV operators’ eyes? – How is this calculated? How long do we need to keep recordings and in what format?

Video recordings have been effective in helping employers and police identify criminals whilst conducting crimes including; armed robbery, burglary, car park robbery, credit card fraud, colleague harassment, computer abuse, customer returns fraud, employee theft, shoplifting, vandalism, and more. Hidden cameras are often a short-term measure for targeted surveillance operations and specialist advice from CCTV Experts should be sought and an understanding of the Data Protection Act is essential.

CCTV Camera Types And Specifications

Getting an understanding of elements such as color and monochrome video cameras, time-lapse, switchers and multiplexes, remote movement control, telephone video transmission systems, and more – Look no further, here is a simple guide to CCTV. It’s not intended to be a comprehensive buyers guide but will certainly help along the way.

CCTV Advantages

Because CCTV cameras are becoming an important part of any company’s business management and loss prevention programs it is essential to have a reasonable understanding of your requirements – or more importantly, deploy the skills of a reputable CCTV consultant.

Choosing the right CCTV system and having it professionally installed is essential – it will provide you with superior results and will ultimately save you time and money. Remember that commercial CCTV systems don’t come in ready-made kits, so each component can be provided especially for your needs. We will take a look at each one of those items.

A good CCTV surveyor will recommend a monitor to best suit its environment.

Moving (pan/tilt) cameras can take the place of many fixed cameras. Generally fitted with a zoom lens, they can be remotely controlled to cover a wide area. Used predominantly in larger retail and commercial perimeter protection, the benefits of a carefully positioned camera are vast. Often housed within a dome, these cameras can spin round and round to any position faster than any subject being viewed, and zoom in for a close-up picture. They can be ‘taught’ to ‘tour your premises, viewing key areas much more effectively.

Medium Resolution Monochrome, ( black & white ) with good sharp images of around 400 lines and light-sensitive down to 0.1 lux these are excellent all-around cameras that can easily meet smaller budgets.

High-Resolution Monochrome with premium digital technology performance of 580 lines and 0.05 lux ensure superb pictures even in very dim lighting conditions. Medium Resolution Colour: Never before have color cameras been as good or as accessible to smaller budget systems. Excellent for retail and good quality general surveillance, with typical 350 lines and 1.5 lux performance.

High-Resolution Colour: Full digital color cameras offer premium pictures with crisper definition and excellent performance to 480 lines and 1 lux.

Day/Night Cameras: All day and all night – one camera. Using the latest digital intelligent sensing, these cameras offer the full performance of the high-resolution color cameras by day, then automatically switch to the high-resolution monochrome camera when light levels fall.

What is lux?

Lux is the standard measurement of light. Typical levels of lighting as recommended by the lighting industry are:

Indoor Lux is as follows:

  1. Warehouses 20- 75 lux
  2. Emergency stairs 30-75 lux
  3. Corridors and stairs 75- 200 lux
  4. Shops 75-300 lux
  5. Offices and reception areas 300 -500 lux
  6. Banks and offices 200-1000 lux
  7. Assembly lines 300-1000 lux

Outdoors Lux is as follows:

  1. Twilight 1-10 lux
  2. Full moon 0.1-1 lux
  3. Overcast night 0.01-0.1 lux
  4. Starlight, clear 0.001-0.01 lux
  5. Starlight, overcast 0.0001-0.001 lux
  6. Overcast day 100-10,000 lux
  7. Full sunlight 10,000-1,000,000 lux

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