An excessive amount of sugar within the blood can cause serious, sometimes life-threatening health problems.
There are two kinds of diabetic conditions: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Pregnant women may acquire a transient kind of disease called “gestational diabetes” which usually resolves after the birth of the baby.
Pre-diabetes is when the blood sugar level is at the borderline: above normal but in diabetics. Pre-diabetes mayor won’t reach diabetes. During food digestion, carbohydrates break down into glucose, which is carried by the bloodstream to varied organs of the body.
Insulin could also be a hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas and is vital for glucose intake by target cells. In healthy people, the beta cells of the pancreas produce insulin; insulin binds to its receptor on track cells and induces glucose intake.
Type 1 Diabetes : टाइप 1 डायबिटीज
The beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the system by mistake. The rationale of why this happens is unclear, but genetic factors are believed to play a significant role. Insulin production is reduced; less insulin binds to its receptor on target cells; less glucose is taken into the cells, more glucose stays within the blood.
Type 1 is characterized by early-onset, symptoms that commonly start suddenly, and before the age of 20. Type 1 diabetes is usually managed with insulin injection. Type 1 diabetics are therefore “insulin-dependent”.
Type 2 Diabetes : टाइप 2 डायबिटीज
The pancreas produces enough insulin but something goes wrong either with receptor binding or insulin signaling in the target cells. The cells aren’t conscious of insulin and thus cannot import glucose; glucose stays within the blood.
In other words, type 2 diabetics are “insulin resistant”. Here again, genetic factors predispose susceptibility to the disease, but it’s believed that lifestyle plays a very important role in type 2.
Typically, obesity, an inactive lifestyle, and an unhealthy diet are associated with a far better risk of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is characterized by adult-onset; symptoms usually appear gradually and begin after the age of 30.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 80 to 90% of all diabetics. Management focuses on weight loss and includes a low-carb diet.